Tag Archives: plantocracy

BARBADOS 1966-2016 – Celebrating Fifty Years of Independence – By Dr. Keith A. P. Sandiford

CELEBRATING FIFTY YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE – BARBADOS 1966-2016
By Dr. Keith A. P. Sandiford

barbadosFormer Caribbean colonies are more fortunate than African and Asian ones in that they have completed their first 50 years of political freedom without political and military coups and without the copious shedding of human blood. On November 30, 2016, Barbados will join Guyana, Jamaica and Trinidad & Tobago as fifty-year old sovereign states which have thus far avoided the turmoil of revolutions. It is an achievement worthy of joyous celebration. There is a sense that the island has shown perceptible signs of regression, following the worldwide recession of 2008, but the overall all progress since 1966 has been eminently satisfactory.

The emergence of modern Barbados can be said to have begun in the 1950s with the rise of the Barbados Labour Party (BLP) and the Barbados Workers’ Union (BWU). These were the institutions that destroyed the political hegemony of the old plantocracy. They focussed most sharply on the plight of the non-white majority and led the movement which forced the Colonial Government to overhaul its administrative structures and reshape the electoral laws as well as its fiscal practices.   Continue reading

The Chinese In Guyana – by Peter Halder

The Chinese In Guyana

By Peter Halder

 Introduction

    African slavery provided free labor for the sugar industry in what was then British Guiana. Slavery was abolished in 1834. The freed slaves jubilantly left the plantations and the inhuman treatment meted out to them to seek a new future of their own choosing. That created a vacuum in the sugar industry and an immediate need and demand for cheap labor. The plantocracy in collaboration with the colonial administration first brought Portuguese from Madeira, Portugal. They were found to be unsuitable. They were replaced by Chinese from Canton in China.

 Chinese Arrival

    January 12, 2013 marked the 160th Anniversary of the arrival of Chinese in Guyana.

[Read more: The Chinese In Guyana]

Chinese: Indentureship: “The Chinese in Guyana” – 2 articles

Chinese: 160th anniversary of the first immigrants to British Guiana.

British Guiana’s immigration: The Chinese experiment

Stabroek News:  Cecilia McAlmont – February 5, 2013  

This edited article was first published by Stabroek News in the History this week series (No 2003/5) on January 30, 2003. It formed Part I of a two-part feature.

Introduction
By the time the ship Glentanner, on January 12, 1853 disembarked the 262 Chinese labourers, the first of the 13,533 who were eventually to arrive in British Guiana, the local plantocracy had all but won the battle to persuade the colonial authorities that not only the survival of the sugar economy but the survival of civilization in the colony of British Guiana was dependent on their being allowed to import large numbers of immigrants restrained by long indentures. Immigrants from China were to be an integral part of this survival process. Not only were they regarded as equal to the Blacks and superior to the Indian immigrants in their capacity to support the labour of sugar cultivation, but also as part of the entire process which could be used to discipline and control the newly freed Blacks to suit the requirements of the plantation system.    [more]

The Chinese in Guyana         <click for second article Continue reading