Canada Appoints First Indigenous Governor General – A ‘Step Forward’ to Reconciliation

OTTAWA — Mary Simon, an Inuk leader and former diplomat, described her appointment as Canada’s next governor general — the first Indigenous person to serve in the role — as a “step forward on the long path to reconciliation.”   

GG Mary Simon – Inuk Leader

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau introduced Simon as the next person to serve in the viceregal role during a news conference Tuesday at the Canadian Museum of History in Gatineau, Que., in which the theme of healing long-standing divides figured prominently.

“It is only by building bridges, bringing between people in the North and South, just like in the East and West, that we can truly move forward,” Trudeau said during his opening remarks.       

“Mary Simon has done that throughout her life. I know she will help continue paving that path ahead. And we will all be stronger for it. Today after 154 years, our country takes a historic step. I cannot think of a better person to meet the moment.”

Queen Elizabeth has approved the appointment, he added.

Simon’s appointment fills a vacancy left by Julie Payette’s sudden resignation in January after an external review found the former astronaut had presided over a toxic work environment at the governor general’s residence, Rideau Hall.

It also comes at a critical moment for Canada’s relationship with Indigenous Peoples after the discovery of what are believed to be unmarked graves near former residential school sites, and amid widespread speculation Trudeau is preparing to call an election this summer or fall.

Simon, who was born in Kangiqsualujjuaq, in the Nunavik region of northern Quebec, is a well-known advocate for Inuit culture and rights and was the former president of Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, a national advocacy organization for Inuit.

She also served as Canada’s ambassador to Denmark and the Canadian ambassador for circumpolar affairs.

Reflecting her Inuk background, Simon made her first public remarks as governor general-designate in Inuktitut before switching to English, thanking Trudeau for the “historic opportunity” to be Canada’s first Indigenous governor general.

“I can confidently say that my appointment is a historic and is inspirational moment for Canada and an important step forward on the long path towards reconciliation,” she said while reflecting on having grown up with an Inuk mother and a father from Southern Canada.

“This is a moment that I hope all Canadians feel part of because my appointment reflects our collective progress towards building a more inclusive, just an equitable society.”

She also sought to confront one potential controversy: the fact she is not fluent in French.

“Based on my experience growing up in Quebec, I was denied the chance to learn French during my time in the federal government day schools,” she said.

“I am deeply committed to continuing my French-language studies and plan to conduct the business of the governor general in both of Canada’s official languages as well as Inuktitut, one of many Indigenous languages spoken across the country.”

Simon’s appointment caps a nearly six-month search for a new governor general after Payette resigned in January following a scathing independent report on the work environment at Rideau Hall during her tenure.

Even before her resignation, the Liberals were accused of not properly vetting Payette, who was dogged by suggestions she wasn’t the right fit for the largely symbolic but nonetheless high-profile job that involves representing the Queen in Canada.

Following Payette’s resignation, the Liberal government re-established an advisory panel to help select her successor. The approach was like the one used by the previous Conservative government, which the Liberals dropped when they picked the former astronaut.

Trudeau revealed that the panel co-chaired by Intergovernmental Affairs Minister Dominic LeBlanc and Janice Charette, the clerk of the Privy Council, considered close to 100 different names before compiling a shortlist of candidates.

The list included Canadians with the ability to both serve and lead the country “with an approach that is anchored in humility and thoughtfulness in everything they do,” he said. “Mary Simon embodied all those qualities of leadership and service.”

For her part, Simon pledged to not only work on healing the many divides between people and regions across Canada, but also to “setting and maintaining the highest standard of work ethics in all aspects of my duty.”

One of those duties could soon include dissolving Parliament to trigger an election upon the prime minister’s request, which many believe could happen before the summer is out.

Both Trudeau and Simon said they have not discussed the issue.

“Today is the first day of my appointment,” Simon said. “And I have not talked to the prime minister about the election.”

Conservative Leader Erin O’Toole was among those who welcomed Simon’s appointment.

“This is an important day for both our country as a whole and particularly Indigenous Peoples,” O’Toole said in a statement.

“The role of governor general is important in unifying our country and bringing Canadians together. I wish her well in this role.”

Pita Aatami, president of the Makivik Corporation, which represents Inuit in Quebec’s northern Nunavik region, also praised her appointment.

“This is a new chapter in Canada’s relationship with Inuit, First Nations, and Métis,” Aatami said in a statement.

“Having an Indigenous person as the Crown’s representative in Canada sends a strong message to the nation, and to the international community. This comes at an important time in our history as we collectively work towards reconciliation.”

Bloc Québécois Leader Yves-François Blanchet, however, took to Twitter to say the choice of governor general belongs to the prime minister and the “Queen of England” and that the role is not representative, elected or legitimate.

“I hope that this appointment will facilitate an admission by the Crown and Canada of the abuse suffered by Indigenous people,” he wrote in French.

This report by The Canadian Press was first published July 6, 2021.

Lee Berthiaume, The Canadian Press

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  • brandli62  On 07/08/2021 at 4:44 am

    Wishing her all the best and I hope she can make a difference in office!

  • wally n  On 07/08/2021 at 10:07 am

    Window dressing….I see the bucket being kicked further down the road,

  • wally n  On 07/08/2021 at 3:00 pm

    Lil sumptin called step forward…ten backwards…

    An indigenous Alberta lawyer is under social media attack after saying she would help burn down Catholic churches across the country.

    And Naomi Sayers said she would be glad to defend anyone charged with arson after setting fire to a church.

    “It’s sad what’s happening to @HarshaWalia. But let me be clear, I would help her burn it all down.,” Sayers tweeted on Sunday.

    “And that would light our way forward. And also, I would help defend anyone charged with arson if they actually did burn things.”

    • Chris  On 07/08/2021 at 10:42 pm

      The Roman Catholic Church has been at the epicentre of controversy from inception. It has punished curious people who dared to think outside the box. It has assassinated scientists to stymie curiosity.

      Many great thinkers in history were burned at the stake. Prior to Constantine I, it was a crime punishable by death to practice Christianity in Rome. This religion was founded on a dream- a dream Constantine had before the Battle of the Milvian Bridge in 312 – that he would defeat his brother-in-law Maxentius to become sole emperor of Rome.

      Rivers of blood have flowed because of the RCC – see the Crusades. Crimes against humanity continue to this day, now against innocent women and children which are routinely covered up.

      The best way to send a message to this corrupt institution is not to burn down churches: just stop going in.

      • brandli62  On 07/09/2021 at 4:32 am

        Similar stories could be told about crimes committed in the name of other Christian faiths (i.e. Protestant, Evangelic, Orthodox, or Koptic branches), Islam (Sunni & Shiite branches), Buddhism, Shintoism, Hinduism or any other religion. When ever religion becomes as a state ideology, non-followers are excluded and made second classes citizens. They are called heretics and their lives worthless, justifying even their killing. The age of enlightenment had set the foundations for the separation of church and state in the West. This process is still ongoing in many liberal democracies but the rule of law is now supreme to any religious rules or laws. I cannot see any similar developments occurring in the Middle East, for example.

      • Brother Man  On 07/09/2021 at 9:27 am

        Very blue collar and pedestrian.

  • Dennis Albert  On 07/09/2021 at 1:08 pm

    Canada is hiring Indian nationals to persecute Black men:

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