• The Democratic Party has regained control of the US Senate, according to projected results from two critical runoff elections in Georgia.
  • Since the Democrats Jon Ossoff and Raphael Warnock won their respective runoff elections in Georgia, the party will have 50 Senate seats and effective control of the upper chamber because incoming Vice President Kamala Harris will hold the tiebreaking vote.

The Democrats Jon Ossoff and Raphael Warnock as of early Wednesday were projected to win their races against Republican Sens. David Perdue and Kelly Loeffler.

The Senate will now consist of 50 Republicans, 48 Democrats, and two independents who caucus with the Democrats, resulting in a 50-50 split. But Democrats will effectively control the chamber because incoming Vice President Kamala Harris holds the tiebreaking vote.

The Senate map was stacked against the GOP in the 2020 election cycle. Of the 35 senators up for reelection, 12 were Democrats and 23 were Republicans. Of those, Republicans had to defend 10 seats in races considered competitive, while Democrats had to defend only two.

Democrats’ most likely path to a majority was to win back seats in Arizona, Colorado, Maine, and North Carolina and to pick up an additional seat in Georgia, Iowa, Montana, or Kansas to get to 51-49, according to election forecasters.

Democrats ultimately flipped seats in Colorado, Arizona, and Georgia and lost hotly contested elections in North Carolina, South Carolina, Iowa, Maine, and Montana.

Democratic activists, lawmakers, and fundraisers made a huge effort to get out the vote as early as possible because of the COVID-19 pandemic, and more people voted by mail and early in person in last year’s election than at any other point in recent history.

The runoffs saw huge turnout. According to the US Elections Project, more than 3 million people voted before Election Day, which is roughly 39% of all registered voters in the state.

Republicans were in a bind in terms of both policy and strategy.

The coronavirus pandemic has caused concurrent healthcare and economic crises, and President Donald Trump and the GOP failed to fulfill their campaign promise of repealing the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare, and replacing it with another healthcare plan, even while the party controlled both the House and the Senate in 2017 and 2018. The White House also promised for months to release a healthcare proposal but never did.

While Trump inherited a strong economy when he took office, and oversaw historically low unemployment rates for several years, his economic approval rating fell before the election.

Trump and his allies also spent weeks ginning up baseless assaults on the integrity of the 2020 election and denying Trump’s defeat. All the while, most of the mainstream Republican establishment was either silent or actively supported the president’s conspiracy theories.

In Georgia, the Republican Trump-supporting lawyers Lin Wood and Sidney Powell urged voters to boycott the runoffs, arguing that the races were already “rigged.”

“Don’t you give it to them,” he said. “Why would you go back and vote in another rigged election, for God’s sake? Fix it! You’ve got to fix it!”

“I would encourage all Georgians to make it known that you will not vote at all until your vote is secure — and I mean that regardless of party,” Powell said. “We can’t live in a republic, a free republic, unless we know our votes are legal and secure.”

Members of the Republican establishment quickly distanced themselves from Powell and Wood and told voters to ignore them. But it wasn’t just fringe actors who stirred up controversy for the party.

When a Trump supporter echoed the president’s baseless allegation that voting machines were tampered with and illegally switched votes from Trump to Biden, McDaniel responded, “We didn’t see that in the audit, so we’ve got to just … That evidence we haven’t seen, so we’ll have to wait and see.”

At another point, a voter asked why they should put in “more money and work” when the two races were “already decided.”