COVID-19: How Queens in New York became the Epicenter of the World – By: Dr. Dhanpaul Narine

By: Dr. Dhanpaul Narine

Photo: The once bustling Liberty Avenue in Queens, New York, is at a standstill, as Covid-19 takes its toll.

It was a bad time to die. Empty streets. Closed storefronts. Spotlessly clean subways. Zoom classrooms.  Virtual funerals.  Flatten the curve. The city that never sleeps is a wasteland. Liberty Avenue looks like a ghost town. And yes the deaths. Your mom complains of breathing problems. A compromised immune system leads to the hospital. It’s a world of masks and ventilators.

You leave with a heavy heart and then the unthinkable happens. A nurse has mom on Skype. The patient mumbles a few words; there is a wave of the hand and a final goodbye. You want to give mom a proper send-off, with the relatives and priest present. But you can’t. The coffin is sealed. You are not allowed near it. You don’t know where they are taking mom, but they promise to send the ashes. This is the new normal.     

    The months of March and April 2020 were dark, never-ending, and frightening. The information on Covid-19 was scanty. What was this virus about? Where did it originate and how long would it last? As the days rolled into weeks, we learned that one could get the virus from holding doorknobs and by breathing it; the virus lasts for an estimated three hours in the air. What was even scarier was the fact that a person could have it and not know it, and pass it on to others.

   It was all so different in February. The trains, buses, and avenues were busy. Children were in school, the markets did brisk business and everything was normal. There was even a Phagwah Parade on Liberty Avenue that was planned. Then the lives of many came crashing down. Dr. Anthony Fauci, President Dpnald Trump, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, and other medical personnel, kept appearing on our screens, often with the doctors saying one thing, and Mr. Trump another.

   It became clear that of all the Boroughs, Queens was rapidly becoming the epicenter of Covid-19. How and why did this happen?  In Elmhurst, Jackson Heights and Corona, the incidence was high. There was an estimated 8,000 cases in the first few weeks in March. Daniel Dromm, the Councilman for the area, said that Elmhurst and Jackson Heights were ‘the epicenter of the epicenter.’ The statistics showed that Latinos with 34 percent comprised the highest number of infections in the City. The death rate for Hispanics was around 22 per 100,000; 20 for Blacks; 10 for Whites and 8 for Asians.

   New York is often described as ‘a tale of two cities.’ This means that poverty and inequality can be identified on the basis of zip codes. In some of the poorest neighborhoods, access to health care was low even before the arrival of Covid-19. A breakdown of the figures by the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene shows that the frontline or public workers are from the minority populations. These were the bus and train drivers, the deli owners, and other categories of workers that did not have the option of staying home. This population, largely Blacks and Hispanics were often at risk of contracting the virus.

    The figures for Queens make stark reading. There were 616 cases for every 100,000 persons and half of this number for Manhattan. By mid-April, the crisis was intensified. The calls to the emergency increased in record numbers; it averaged around 5,000 per day, for a week. Each day, the Governor and Mayor would give the grim news of deaths from the previous night as the population cringed in fear. The news from officialdom was often confusing and may have contributed to the high mortality rates. For example, President Trump said that once it gets warmer the virus would disappear and that there was nothing to worry about. Dr. Fauci, on the other hand, stated that the curve was not flattened and New York should brace itself for the worse. It turned out that he was right. When the cases reached the local hospitals the anecdotal was horrifying. There was a shortage of ventilators, masks and sanitizers, all of which were essential to keep a person healthy. At a number of city hospitals, entire floors had to be converted to treat Covid-19 patients.

   There is no question that density was one of the main reasons for the spread of the virus in New York. The population density in New York is 28,000 per square mile that makes it one of the highest in the United States. The fact the people were living ‘on top of each other’ and lacked insurance, and were getting mixed messages concerning the virus, contributed to a spike in the numbers. It does not help that a good number of the affected were undocumented, and who did not bother to get tested because of immigration reasons.

    What about the Covid-19 and its impact on the Indo-Caribbean community? There has been no definitive study on Indo-Caribbeans, or the Caribbean population in general. There are estimates that suggest a high incidence of fatalities among Indo-Caribbeans. The director of a funeral home in Queens said that his facility was responsible for the final rites of over 100 Indo-Caribbeans and other funeral homes have also stated a high number. In early June 2020, the president of the Indian Diaspora Council (IDC), Ashook Ramsarran, convened a Virtual meeting to discuss the impact of Covid-19 on Indo-Caribbeans in the United States.

    Shanaz Hussain chaired the meeting. She is a media personality that also manages a dialysis center. The presentations commenced after prayers by Sataram Dukhbhajan. Dr. Sharla Khargi, a Clinical Neuropsychologist at St. John’s University, said that Covid-19 has been very traumatic for the Caribbean community. She said that, among other things, Covid-19, ‘took away temperament, emotions, and the way information is processed. Moving forward, it is going to be this way.’ Professor Paul Mohabir from Stanford University said that since Indo-Caribbeans do not fit existing categories there is no data that tracks the impact on the community.

    Ms. Annetta Seecharran, Executive Director of Chhaya, said that Covid-19 has led to housing insecurity and that around 35 percent of persons are unable to pay their rent. She urged the community to fill the Census forms and to vote to bring about change. Dr. Dhanpaul Narine, teacher and educator, said that Covid-19 caused dislocation and a new language, social distancing, had to be learned. He recommended that the IDC do a study to examine the impact of the virus on the Indo-Caribbean community and he commended the frontline workers for their efforts. Mr. Brain Ramphal, a technology entrepreneur with global experience, produced data to show that testing reduces the incidence of Covid-19.

    Pandit Ganeshwar Ramsahai of the Shri Trimurti Bhavan, stated that satsangs, or prayer meetings, had to be cancelled and this has caused a lot of stress. Vishnu Mahadeo, from the Senior Center in Richmond Hill, said the seniors were the most vulnerable and that more has to be done to help them. Dr. Vishnu Bisram, educator and journalist, pointed out that the pandemic affects all and that more planning should be done to accommodate the needs of the seniors. Businessman Stanley Raj wants to see a better way of informing the community about prevention.

   The IDC should be commended for its efforts to hold such a meeting. The lesson is clear: once there is adequate information most people will follow directions. The good news is that Queens is no longer the epicenter. In fact, the rate of infections is decreasing in New York, when compared to some of the other states. New York is about to open up another phase, but nothing should be taken for granted.

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Comments

  • dhanpaul narine  On June 16, 2020 at 1:14 pm

    The good news is that the rate of new infections is dropping in New York. But, unfortunately, it is increasing in other states due to the lack of preventive measures. More testing needs to be done but following directions is also important.

    • Ramesh  On June 16, 2020 at 7:05 pm

      That is because of the derangement source in Washington, the snake oil salesman who thinks he could bluff his way into remaining in office for a another term. But few of you are willing to man up to say something. I see, you live in a dictatorship where taking a stand could have repercussions like a one- way plane ticket back home.

      • Carmen Durgacharan  On June 17, 2020 at 2:10 am

        I totally agree with you Ramesh.. well said… that’s our Indian Community….dem frighten they will get sent back to Guyana.

  • dhanpaul narine  On June 16, 2020 at 11:30 pm

    The reality is that many are scared to get tested because of immigration status. They carry the virus and pass it on to others. And what is equally worse is that they are not part of the official statistics because the authorities do not know about them, particularly in Queens.

    • Carmen Durgacharan  On June 17, 2020 at 2:20 am

      even many whom are permanent residents in NY will not speak up and say it as it is!!! I have often advised my many relatives living there but they live in their small minded and very religious community.

  • Gerald  On June 18, 2020 at 9:41 pm

    A certain group of Guyanese did not want Haitians coming into Guyana, yet the same group of Guyanese are living in New York as illegal migrants and spreading diseases? I would laugh at the hypocrisy but the elections are being rigged by the cabal from Freedom House. What Guyanese Critic said in his racist comments the other day was paid and endorsed by the elite here in East Coast Demerara.

  • Gerald  On June 18, 2020 at 9:44 pm

    Make up ayo minds: Many people who vote for Jagdeo don’t want any other ethnic group in Guyana, and they have acted hostile towards anyone deemed as the “other”, yet many from the “Indian Guyanese community” are flooding up New York and are spreading the corona virus ? You want to live in a racist Jagdeo Suddie Arabia and still want to live in the USA illegally and spread disease in New York?

    • Summer maynard  On June 28, 2020 at 4:30 pm

      So sad

      • Peter  On June 29, 2020 at 12:07 am

        There is a mad man in charge so what do you expect?

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