Monthly Archives: March 2010

History of Radio in British Guiana


The Ovaltine Show Winners

The Ovaltine Show was a show for the little people. In this picture, the real stars are in the front row. Can you identify them?

Behind them – left to right – are Rafiq Khan (Program Director), M. R. Lam (Agent for Ovaltine), Unidentified Person,  Olga Lopes-Seale (Announcer) and E. R. Burrowes (Quiz Master).


Radio broadcasts were started in Guyana (then British Guiana) in the 1920s by a number of enthusiasts. In 1926, just 4 years after the British Broadcasting Company (later the British Broadcasting Corporation) started regular broadcasting in Britain, there was a small wired service that relayed broadcasts, especially from the BBC’s Daventry transmitter, over the Georgetown telephone system. From 1927, however, experimental short wave broadcasts (on 47 meters and later on 43.86 meters) were introduced for two hours a week. This lasted until 1931 when economic considerations brought the effort to an end.

In 1935, broadcasts were resumed in order to receive commentaries on the current MCC cricket matches. They were so successful that two radio stations VP3BG and VP3MR were established and operated on a commercial basis until they merged in May 1938 to form the British Guiana United Broadcasting Co. Ltd. (operating station ZFY).

Station ZFY operated from the main post office in Georgetown until the post office was destroyed in the Great Fire of Georgetown in February 1945. The radio station was then moved to North Road and New Garden Street, near to the Bourda cricket ground. The building that housed  the studio was a reconditioned dwelling house west of the present Our Lady of Fatima Roman Catholic church. The radio station was shut down early those days – at 9.00 p.m.- with John Phillip Sousa’s Washington Post March.

Interestingly, ZFY had a significant Trinidad audience. For many Trinidadians, it was the main or only source of religious broadcasts and of Indian musical entertainment. Even after September 1947, when Radio Trinidad was inaugurated, ZFY retained a sizeable Trinidadian listenership.

A medium-wave transmitter was added to the existing short-wave transmitter in 1949.

In July 1950, the controlling interest of ZFY was purchased by Overseas Rediffusion Ltd., and for the first time foreign capital was involved in local radio.  Some improvements were made, and in 1951 the station became Radio Demerara… continued…


Masthead Picture – March 2010

Masthead Picture – March 2010

There will be a new picture every month as the masthead of the Guyanese Online Blog as well as the Newsletter.

The Picture for the month of March 2010, shown above, was taken from the Bank of Guyana Building in Georgetown.

It  features St. George’s Cathedral, one of the largest and tallest wooden structures in the world.

Note that in the last Census in Guyana in 2002

Learn the HISTORY of this famous wooden building and see VIEWS of the INTERIOR here.

Scenes from MASHRAMI-2010

Scenes from Mash-2010 by Brian McIntosh

Brian McIntosh has created a library of pictures depicting the scenes of the Mashramani Parade.  You can view them at the site if you are a Facebook member… if not join Facebook … it is quite simple to do do so.  Go to:

Bryan Mackintosh’s Photos – Scenes of Mash 2010 <Click here

Banks DIH, Digicel rule Mash Day Parade

Banks DIH, Digicel rule Mash Day road parade

February 26, 2010

Banks Band on Mash Day 2010

After all the revelry for the nation’s 40th Republic Anniversary, Banks DIH and Digicel emerged as the major prize winners for the 2010 costume and float parade competitions.
Banks DIH copped four first place spots for the ‘Best Individual King’ while presenting the majesty of Banks Beer, ‘Best full costume large band’ that numbered in excess of 200 and ‘Best Semi-costume band’ that featured about 300 revellers. The mega-company also won the commercial floats top prize. Additionally, Banks DIH secured two third place prizes in the individual female and queen categories.
Digicel captured three first place spots in the individual male, female and Queen categories as well as one third in the Large full costumes band for their ‘Pollination’ presentation, which featured the Humming Bird, the Honey bee and the Hibiscus, all designed by Olympia Sonoram.
Ansa McAl (Carib) took three third place prizes for individual female, male and king costumes with their message of sand, sea and sun.
The National Aids Programme Secretariat and Ministry of Education copped the first place spots in the full costume medium and small band categories over GPL and the Ministry of Amerindian Affairs respectively.
Region Ten and the Ministry of Agriculture won the semi costume bands, medium and small category, respectively, while the Chinese Association and the Public Service Ministry copped the second place spots.
The PPP placed second in the large band semi costumes category while Slingshot’s Guyana: an Oasis of Hope placed third.
The National Library won the non-commercial float top prize while the Body of Christ and the Chinese Association placed second and third respectively.
In the regional competitions, region four was best, copping the top prizes for the individual King and Queen Costume categories, but regions one and ten copped the top honours in the full and semi costume categories. Prize giving is set for the March 5.
(Mondale Smith) | By KNews |

Senior Guyanese Friendship Association – Toronto

NEWSLETTER – February 2010

Senior Guyanese Friendship Association Newsletter- February 2010

Please click the link above to view the February 2010 Newsletter published by the Senior Guyanese Friendship Association based in Toronto Canada.

Guyanese Online Newsletter – March 2010.

featuring MASHRAMANI – 40 years as the Republic

Min. of Tourism Queen featuring the "Six Peoples of Guyana"

Guyanese Online Newsletter -March-2010

click title above to DOWNLOAD the newsletter

This first edition of a monthly Newsletter as well as this GUYANESE Online Weblog are designed, edited and produced  by Cyril Bryan, to serve Guyanese associations, groups and individuals worldwide.

It carries news and features from Guyana, as well as information on Guyanese groups and Associations.  Click the link above and download it.


Page 1- Mashramani – 40th Anniversary as the Republic of Guyana.

Page 2- Welcome to Guyanese Online; Mashramani-2010 Parade Pictures

Page 3 – Guyana Budget 2010 by Finance Minister Dr. Ashni Singh;  Budget Analysis by Christopher Ram; Guyana’s first Casino opens.

Page 4 – Gold Exports earn more than sugar & rice combined; Fibre-optic cables for Guyana; Drought threatens Guyana’s agriculture; Guyanese help boost tourism; Foreign Investment sought to expand the Beef Industry.

Page 5- Canadian oil exploration company eyeing  Rupununi drilling in May; Guyana says Iran deal no threat to U.S.

Page 6 – Godfrey Chin’s Pictorial Exhibition; Clive Lloyd to launch foundation.

Page 7- St. Stanislaus College feature.

Page 8 – Guyana Christian Charities feature.

Page 9 – Guyanese Association of Barbados (GABI); Guyanese Canadian Cultural Association of B.C. AGM Report.– 2010 officers.

Page 10 – Guyanese Canadian Cultural Association of B.C. – Mahaica Statue Unveiling at Carifesta X in August 2008.– feature

Page 11 – Buxton – Friendship 170th Anniversary as villages in Guyana.

Page 12– Ray Luck Music Workshop in St. Lucia; Hansib Publications Catalogues available;  The Arts Journal.– March 2010.


Guyanese persons,  Organizations, Associations and groups are asked to send  their articles, announcements, and features for publication our E-mail address:

E-Mail replies or comments, or requests for inclusion or exclusion from our mailing list to the same address, or on the Blog.

Please forward it to your Guyanese organizations and friends.

Kindest regards

Cyril Bryan –  Publisher and Editor

Map of Georgetown- Guyana

Map of Georgetown- Guyana

This is an interactive map of the Greater Georgetown area,  which you could zoom in and out to read the street names and view various areas.

You may also download it for your own use.

Map-Georgetown < click here to view

Guyanese doctor wins US$2.5M Pioneer Award

Guyanese doctor wins US$2.5M Pioneer Award

February 23, 2010

Note: Dr. Benjamin was born in Beterverwagting, East Coast Demerara.

SALT LAKE CITY—A pioneering model that a University of Utah cardiologist proposes as a cause of heart disease is the kind of creative thinking the National Institutes of Health (NIH) likes to see—and reward with one of its most prestigious honors, a $2.5 million 2009 Pioneer Award.

Ivor J. Benjamin, M.D., professor of internal medicine and biochemistry and the Christi T. Smith Endowed Chair of Cardiovascular Research at the U of U School of Medicine, believes that one of the body’s most powerful antioxidants—molecules generally believed to protect the heart—actually might lead to disease in the heart and other organs when a gene mutation causes the body to overproduce the molecule.

Dr. Ivor J. Benjamin. M.D., FAHA, FACC

Dr Benjamin was born and grew up in Beterverwagting, East Coast Demerara. He was schooled at Central High School in Smyth Street Georgetown, as did his sister Edris.
His theory, which stirred some controversy when Benjamin presented it in a 2007 study in the journal Cell, represents a paradigm shift in understanding the causes of heart disease.
But with the conviction that new and unconventional ideas propel science forward, and after a highly competitive and critical review process, the NIH chose Benjamin to further investigate the idea as one of only 18 researchers to receive a Pioneer Award.

NIH Director Francis Collins, M.D., Ph.D., presented Benjamin and the other recipients their awards in a ceremony at the agency’s headquarters in Bethesda, Md.
Benjamin is receiving $500,000 annually for five years to pursue his research. Much of the Pioneer Award programme’s appeals is that it encourages researchers to think outside the box while receiving substantial funds to test their ideas, according to Collins.

“The fact that we continue to receive such strong proposals for funding through the program attests to the wealth of creative ideas in so many fields of science today,” he said.
The Pioneer Awards are part of a larger programme of 115 grants intended to foster innovative and potentially transformative medical research. The NIH awarded a total of $13.5 million to this year’s Pioneer Award winners.
An estimated 3 million Americans suffer from heart failure, with 500,000 new cases diagnosed annually. Disease that leads to heart failure long has been associated with oxidative stress, the process in which the body produces “free radical” molecules in response to oxygen intake.
Once they’re produced, free radicals roam the body, creating chemical reactions that damage organs and other tissue.
To protect cells from free radicals, the body makes antioxidants. Benjamin’s work focuses on a particular antioxidant, reduced glutathione, which is produced when a protein called alpha B-Crystallin unfolds inside of cells.

When mutated versions of the human gene that makes alpha B-Crystallin were placed in mice, however, certain metabolic pathways were improperly activated, which led to excessive production of reduced glutathione and heart damage in the animals. Benjamin terms this condition “reductive stress.”

Until recently, reductive stress hasn’t been looked at in the context of disease. But Benjamin showed that mice with too much reduced glutathione had increased heart failure rates, while those with normal levels of the antioxidant did not develop heart failure.
Given the role of antioxidants, the theory is counterintuitive, Benjamin acknowledges. But if he’s correct, it could lead to developing an entirely new class of “antireductant” drugs to treat or even prevent heart disease caused by reductive stress.
“Our findings show that the potential for reductive stress causing heart disease definitely warrants more investigation,” Benjamin says. “The Pioneer Award will enable us the freedom to investigate the consequences and mechanisms of reductive stress and, hopefully, do the kind of work that can be transformative.”

Benjamin’s research represents the kind of imaginative and searching science that the U of U values in its faculty, according to Lorris Betz, M.D., Ph.D., University of Utah senior vice president for health sciences. “As a research university, we want our investigators to expand the bounds of science, even when that means questioning or contradicting conventional theories and wisdom,” Betz says.
“Ivor Benjamin does just that. On behalf of the entire University of Utah health sciences community, I congratulate and applaud Dr. Benjamin for being recognized with this tremendous honor.”

Although the Pioneer Award is in his name, Benjamin is quick to credit his laboratory team and colleagues with making the award possible. “I am honored and humbled to have been chosen for the award,” he says. “But the real story is my multidisciplinary team. They deserve a lot of credit, too”.


THE ARTS JOURNAL – Volume 5 Numbers 1&2- March 2009

THE ARTS JOURNAL  – Volume 5 Numbers 1 &2- March 2009


  • Editorial
  • Music and Symbolism in The Life and Death of Sylvia – Juanita Cox
  • The Guyana Landscape and the Language of the Imagination in the Fiction of Wilson Harris -Mark McWatt.
  • Identity Formation in Ramabai Espinet’s “The Swinging Bridge”- Frank Birbalsingh
  • Re-encountering Guyana: An Interview with Mark Mc Watt – Lucy Evans
  • Sasenarine Persaud:  A Boundary-Crossing Ethnocentrist – Victor J. Ramraj and   Jitesh  P. Parik
  • Guyana’s Dutch-Lexicon Creoles: The Demerara (dis)Connection – Ian Robertson
  • Figures Trapped at the Forest’s Edge – Kenwyn Crichlow
  • When the Doomed are Mostly Eloquent in their Sinking – Edward Baugh
  • I Wish you a Leaf Falling – Edward Baugh
  • Not in the Loo – Velma Pollard
  • Reflections in Broken Lines: the Seashore of a Child’s Memory – Ameena Gafoor
  • John Agard: Anancy Troubadour – Philip Nanton
  • A Reading of Ameena Gafoor’s Novel Extract – Michael Gilkes
  • Moses Nagamootoo’s “Hendree’s Cure: Madrassi  Experience in a New World “- Frank Birbalsingh
  • Howard A. Fergus’s “Love, Labour, Liberation” in Lasana Sekou – Fabian Adekunle Badejo
  • Selwyn Cudjoe’s Caribbean Visionary: ARF Webber and the Making of the Guyanese      Nation” -Nigel Westmaas.

The Editor of The Arts Forum’s Page, Ameena Gafoor, can be reached by E-mail: or by phone:  592 227 6825.

THE ARTS JOURNAL is available at all leading bookstores in Georgetown or from the editor or from Bernadette Persaud, e-mail: or by phone:  592 220 3337.

St. Stanislaus College – Georgetown

St. Stanislaus College – Georgetown, Guyana.

Saint Stanislaus College is a co-educational High school located in Georgetown, Guyana.    Website:

St. Stanislaus College was founded as an all-boy Catholic high school that was operated by the Jesuits. The college became co-educational in 1975 and became a government school in 1976, after being a Catholic institution for 110 years.

Student Body: Students come from all over Guyana.

St. Stanislaus College enrolls students in Forms 1 through  Form 6. 5th Form students sit the Caribbean School Examination Committee (CSEC) examinations – the equivalent of GCE O-Levels. Those students who continue on to 6th Form sit the Caribbean Advanced Proficiency Certificate (A-Level) also set by the Caribbean Examinations Council (CXC).

Enrollment: Enrollment for the 2008-2009 school year is approximately 555 students. (Student ratio 13:1).  In 2005 and 2008, St. Stanislaus College received awards for being the most improved Secondary school based on the CSEC results.

Read about the History of St. Stanislaus  College in Guyana on the following link:-

Read the article in Guyanese Online and see links to Alumni Associations  here: St. Stanislaus College -Georgetown.  Guyana

(Appeared in Guyanese Online Newsletter – March 2010  – page 7)